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You can authenticate pixi with a server like, a private quetz instance or Different servers use different authentication methods. In this documentation page, we detail how you can authenticate against the different servers and where the authentication information is stored.

Usage: pixi auth login [OPTIONS] <HOST>

  <HOST>  The host to authenticate with (e.g.

      --token <TOKEN>              The token to use (for authentication with
      --username <USERNAME>        The username to use (for basic HTTP authentication)
      --password <PASSWORD>        The password to use (for basic HTTP authentication)
      --conda-token <CONDA_TOKEN>  The token to use on / quetz authentication
  -v, --verbose...                 More output per occurrence
  -q, --quiet...                   Less output per occurrence
  -h, --help                       Print help

The different options are "token", "conda-token" and "username + password".

The token variant implements a standard "Bearer Token" authentication as is used on the platform. A Bearer Token is sent with every request as an additional header of the form Authentication: Bearer <TOKEN>.

The conda-token option is used on and can be used with a quetz server. With this option, the token is sent as part of the URL following this scheme:<TOKEN>/conda-forge/linux-64/....

The last option, username & password, are used for "Basic HTTP Authentication". This is the equivalent of adding This authentication method can be configured quite easily with a reverse NGinx or Apache server and is thus commonly used in self-hosted systems.


Login to

pixi auth login --token pfx_jj8WDzvnuTEHGdAhwRZMC1Ag8gSto8

Login to

pixi auth login --conda-token xy-72b914cc-c105-4ec7-a969-ab21d23480ed

Login to a basic HTTP secured server:

pixi auth login --username user --password password

Where does pixi store the authentication information?#

The storage location for the authentication information is system-dependent. By default, pixi tries to use the keychain to store this sensitive information securely on your machine.

On Windows, the credentials are stored in the "credentials manager". Searching for rattler (the underlying library pixi uses) you should find any credentials stored by pixi (or other rattler-based programs).

On macOS, the passwords are stored in the keychain. To access the password, you can use the Keychain Access program that comes pre-installed on macOS. Searching for rattler (the underlying library pixi uses) you should find any credentials stored by pixi (or other rattler-based programs).

On Linux, one can use GNOME Keyring (or just Keyring) to access credentials that are securely stored by libsecret. Searching for rattler should list all the credentials stored by pixi and other rattler-based programs.

Fallback storage#

If you run on a server with none of the aforementioned keychains available, then pixi falls back to store the credentials in an insecure JSON file. This JSON file is located at ~/.rattler/credentials.json and contains the credentials.

Override the authentication storage#

You can use the RATTLER_AUTH_FILE environment variable to override the default location of the credentials file. When this environment variable is set, it provides the only source of authentication data that is used by pixi.


export RATTLER_AUTH_FILE=$HOME/credentials.json
# You can also specify the file in the command line
pixi global install --auth-file $HOME/credentials.json ...

The JSON should follow the following format:

    "*": {
        "BearerToken": "your_token"
    "": {
        "BasicHttp": {
            "username": "your_username",
            "password": "your_password"
    "": {
        "CondaToken": "your_token"

Note: if you use a wildcard in the host, any subdomain will match (e.g. * also matches

Lastly you can set the authentication override file in the global configuration file.

PyPI authentication#

Currently, we support the following methods for authenticating against PyPI:

  1. keyring authentication.
  2. .netrc file authentication.

We want to add more methods in the future, so if you have a specific method you would like to see, please let us know.

Keyring authentication#

Currently, pixi supports the uv method of authentication through the python keyring library. To enable this use the CLI flag --pypi-keyring-provider which can either be set to subprocess (activated) or disabled.

# From an existing pixi project
pixi install --pypi-keyring-provider subprocess

This option can also be set in the global configuration file under pypi-config.

Installing keyring#

To install keyring you can use pixi global install:

Either use:

pixi global install keyring
GCP and other backends

The downside of this method is currently, because you cannot inject into a pixi global environment just yet, that installing different keyring backends is not possible. This allows only the default keyring backend to be used. Give the issue a 👍 up if you would like to see inject as a feature.

Or alternatively, you can install keyring using pipx:

# Install pipx if you haven't already
pixi global install pipx
pipx install keyring

# For Google Artifact Registry, also install and initialize its keyring backend.
# Inject this into the pipx environment
pipx inject keyring --index-url
gcloud auth login

Using keyring with Basic Auth#

Use keyring to store your credentials e.g:

keyring set https://my-index/simple your_username
# prompt will appear for your password

Make sure to include username@ in the URL of the registry. An example of this would be:

index-url = ""


For Google Artifact Registry, you can use the Google Cloud SDK to authenticate. Make sure to have run gcloud auth login before using pixi. Another thing to note is that you need to add oauth2accesstoken to the URL of the registry. An example of this would be:

# rest of the pixi.toml
# Add's the following options to the default feature
extra-index-urls = ["https://oauth2accesstoken@<location><project>/<repository>/simple"]


Include the /simple at the end, replace the <location> etc. with your project and repository and location.

To find this URL more easily, you can use the gcloud command:

gcloud artifacts print-settings python --project=<project> --repository=<repository> --location=<location>

Installing your environment#

To actually install either configure your Global Config, or use the flag:

pixi install --pypi-keyring-provider subprocess

.netrc file#

pixi allows you to access private registries securely by authenticating with credentials stored in a .netrc file.

  • The .netrc file can be stored in your home directory ($HOME/.netrc for Unix-like systems)
  • or in the user profile directory on Windows (%HOME%\_netrc).
  • You can also set up a different location for it using the NETRC variable (export NETRC=/my/custom/location/.netrc). e.g export NETRC=/my/custom/location/.netrc pixi install

In the .netrc file, you store authentication details like this:

machine registry-name
login admin
password admin
For more details, you can access the .netrc docs.